THE GREAT MIGRATION WAS the largest movement of people in us history. Approximately six million Black people migrated away FROM THE racial tension of the AMERICAN SOUTH. the pursuit of economic and educational opportunities for African Americans was driven by the hunger for freedom from the oppression of Jim Crow. a new consciousness was beginning to develop across the world as a result of this migration towards a more victorious consciousness. African Americans began to build a new place for themselves in public life. they actively confronted racial prejudice as well as economic, political and social challenges to create a Black cultural renaissance. with an epicenter in Harlem, New York City, the renaissance was a nationwide intellectual and cultural revival movement that took place in the 1920's following the Spanish flu pandemic. it was considered to be the rebirth of African American arts.